A Simple Guide to Cryptocurrency


A Simple Guide to Cryptocurrency

It might be difficult to understand new technology without searching for terms like "How does artificial intelligence work?" "What is the metaverse?" and "What is virtual reality?" Today, cryptocurrency is present everywhere, including digital art auctions and balance sheets in boardrooms. Blockchain technology is altering the cultural landscape as a result of how ownership conceptions have changed as a result.

What is cryptocurrency

Unlike fiat currency, which is government-issued legal tender that isn't backed by a precious metal like gold or silver, cryptocurrency isn't backed by paper notes and coins as most people think of when they think of money. The US dollar, the euro, and the yen are all fiat currencies that are under the control of the same institution. Compare that to cryptocurrency, which is maintained by a decentralized network independent from the control of any nation's economy or government and is digital money that cannot be held.

My Digital Money's founder and CEO, Guy Gotslak, claims that cryptocurrency is made up of hundreds of digital currencies and tokens that are manufactured electronically on a blockchain using cryptography. The science of cryptography allows for the secure conversion of information into a format that may be used to safeguard it.

Blockchain – What is it

Going beyond the bitcoin definition is necessary to comprehend digital currency, as does picking up new jargon. Consider the blockchain first, as it is crucial to cryptocurrencies. Blockchain is a system where transactions made in bitcoin or another cryptocurrency across several computers linked to a peer-to-peer network are recorded in a ledger that tracks assets. All cryptocurrencies are built on it. On many computers throughout the world, a copy of the blockchain ledger is kept. Decentralized indicates that there is no single entity in charge of public blockchains; instead, a network of users controls them.

Cryptocurrency wallet

Your private keys, which are the passwords that grant you access to your cryptocurrencies, are kept safe and easily accessible by crypto wallets, enabling you to send and receive cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum. They come in a variety of formats, including desktop wallets like Ledger (which resembles a USB stick) and mobile applications.

A bitcoin wallet technically doesn't keep your crypto, in contrast to a typical wallet, which may contain real money. The blockchain stores your assets, but accessing them necessitates a private key. Your keys support transactions and prove that you are the rightful owner of your digital money. If you lose your private keys, you won't be able to access your money. Use a reliable wallet provider like Coinbase or keep your hardware wallet secure for this reason.

Different cryptocurrency types

More than 20,000 different cryptocurrency varieties exist, which may be categorized by brand or type. Among the most popular are:


A decentralized network, as opposed to a banking system, is used for Bitcoin transfers, and its supply is controlled by an algorithm rather than a government. It functions similarly to actual currency in that anybody can use it to transmit money without a recipient's consent. Even though this feature attracts a lot of attention in the West for its possible criminal applications, it also offers hope to individuals in nations where the currency is inflating and the banking system is nonexistent or inherently corrupt. 

Platform based smart contracts

Decentralized digital currencies are exchanged on internet exchanges on smart contract platforms, just like bitcoin. However, whereas smart contract platforms were developed to be decentralized computing platforms, bitcoin was designed as a type of currency with its own payment mechanism. Anybody may create an application using this capability, and many people have already done so.


An option called a "stablecoin" connects the value of the coin to another asset, such as the US dollar. They are typically supported by the assets' reserves, therefore a million $1 coins would ideally be backed by a million dollars in a bank. The largest and oldest cryptocurrency is Tether, but this year USD Coin, another U.S. dollar-pegged coin, has been gaining ground on it as concerns about Tether's operations and how it manages the cash reserves that back its currencies have arisen.

Meme coins

This kind of cryptocurrency is a strange hybrid of money, a social group, and a joke. Dogecoin is the biggest and most well-known one, and Elon Musk has tweeted that he supports it. Shiba inus were formerly worth more than dogecoin, therefore this category is ever-evolving.

Utility tokens

Virtual money comes to mind when most people think about cryptocurrencies. Tokens, which stand for non-cash assets and may be used to fund projects, offer access to their services in the future, or aid in decision-making, are another component of the cryptocurrency space.

Updated 11:58 PM UTC+8, 17 Nov 2022
Crypto Staff
Crypto Staff
Only Published crypto-related and blockchain-related articles, sponsored or non-sponsored articles on KenKarlo

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